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Health Research

5 Health Benefits of Sage [Infographic]

Sage
Sage is a popular culinary herb that is considered by some to be one of the four essential herbs. The herb has been shown in many studies to aid digestion, boost memory and alertness, and reduce cholesterol and blood fat levels. Scientists also believe that it could help treat neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s because of its anti-inflammatory properties.
Sage Infographic
What is sage?
Sage has been known and used for culinary and medicinal purposes for centuries. It is popular in nearly every European cuisine and is used to flavor meats, poultry, soups, puddings, cheeses and vegetables. During the ancient times, the herb was used to ward off evil and to treat various health conditions. In traditional medicine, it was used for hair care, nervous conditions, and to reduce fevers.
Sage remains a popular medicinal herb today and is used today as a remedy for digestive problems, depression, memory enhancement, and Alzheimer’s disease. The herb is known in Britain to be one of the four essential herbs, along with parsley, rosemary, and thyme.
Botanical name: Salvia officinalis
Other names: Dalmatian sage, garden sage, common sage, golden sage
Description: An evergreen shrub that can grow to 3 feet tall with square stems, gray leaves and blue or purple flowers
Habitat: Native to the Mediterranean region
Properties*: Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, antiviral, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective
The health benefits of sage according to research
1. Digestive health
Sage has been used in herbal medicine as a digestive aid, supporting stomach health and promoting better digestion and absorption. Sage tea has been traditionally used for the treatment of digestive problems. According to a 2009 study, a compound found in sage known as carnosol exhibited gastrointestinal activity. Researchers believe the compound may be a possible constituent for the gastroprotective effect of sage. There are ongoing studies to assess the efficacy of sage against gastrointestinal inflammation.
2. Energy & brain support
Sage may have a therapeutic effect on cognitive performance such as secondary memory, speed of memory, attention and alertness, according to results from numerous studies. In one particular study, the consumption of extracts from sage was shown to improve cognitive function in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease when used for up to four months. Ongoing research in the UK provide support for the use of sage to enhance memory.
3. Heart and circulatory health
Sage leaf may have positive effects against diabetes. Clinical evidence suggests that taking sage could reduce total cholesterol by reducing LDL (bad) cholesterol and increasing HDL (good) cholesterol. A clinical trial published in 2011 in Phytotherapy Research concluded the herb may be effective and safe for lowering blood fat levels. These effects could potentially help prevent or manage diabetes and heart disease.
4. Immunity and overall health
A study published in July 2016 in the British Journal of Pharmacology found that plant-derived compounds found in sage were effective for fighting inflammation and pain. Researchers concluded that these compounds may be useful for treating inflammatory and cancer diseases and justifies the use of sage in traditional medicine.
A recent study specifically concluded that sage infused in tea may protect the body against certain diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders, inflammation, and cancer due to its antioxidant properties. Another study found that a tea infusion containing sage improves liver antioxidant potential and has hepatoprotective (liver-protecting) properties.
Sage may also have anticarcinogenic (anti-cancer) effects. Epidemiological research suggests that people who regularly consume sage have a 54% lower risk of developing lung cancer. In one particular study, extracts of sage were found to inhibit the growth of colon cancer.
5. Women’s health
Sage has been used as a traditional remedy for irregular periods and to moderate menstrual flow. Modern research seem to support its traditional uses. One preliminary study found extracts of sage reduced hot flashes, a common menopausal symptom, by about 40% per day. When hot flashes did occur, the intensity was lower than placebo. Similar results were found in other clinical trials.

Disclaimer

* These are some of the pharmacological actions that have been observed or are under study in various evidence-based research studies. Herb may have other properties not listed here.
The statements on this page are for educational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Please consult your healthcare practitioner prior to the use of any herbal products, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have allergies or medical conditions.
The information has been sourced and extracted from scientific papers, academic journals, research abstracts, and other sources. While Purify Tea makes every effort to present accurate and reliable information on this website, Purify Tea does not endorse, approve, or certify such information, nor does it guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficiency, timeliness, or correct sequencing of such information. Use of such information is voluntary, and reliance on it should only be undertaken after an independent review of its accuracy, completeness, efficiency, and timeliness. While many traditional or folkloric remedies have a long history of use, modern research has only begun to investigate and substantiate their effectiveness. Research is still ongoing in many areas therefore conclusions are subject to change.

Sources

Charlene S C Garcia, Caroline Menti, Ana Paula F Lambert, Thiago Barcellos, Sidnei Moura, Caroline Calloni, Cátia S Branco, Mirian Salvador, Mariana Roesch-Ely, João A P Henriques. “Pharmacological perspectives from Brazilian Salvia officinalis (Lamiaceae): antioxidant, and antitumor in mammalian cells.” An Acad Bras Cienc. February 2, 2016. Epub February 2, 2016.
Chevallier, Andrew. Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine. New York, NY: DK Publishing, 2016. Print.
Cristovao F Lima, Marisa F Azevedo, Rita Araujo, Manuel Fernandes-Ferreira, Cristina Pereira-Wilson. “Metformin-like effect of Salvia officinalis (common sage): is it useful in diabetes prevention?” Br J Nutr. August 2006;96(2):32633.
Cristovao F Lima, Paula B Andrade, Rosa M Seabra, Manuel Fernandes-Ferreira, Cristina Pereira-Wilson. “The drinking of a Salvia officinalis infusion improves liver antioxidant status in mice and rats. J Ethnopharmacol. February 28, 2005;97(2):3839. Epub January 17, 2005.
Duke J. A. Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. Natural Agricultural Library. United States Department of Agriculture. Web. June 26, 2016.
Francesco Maione, Vincenza Cantone, Simona Pace, Maria Giovanna Chini, Angela Bisio, Giovanni Romussi, Stefano Pieretti, Oliver Werz, Andreas Koeberle, Nicola Mascolo, and Giuseppe Bifulco. “In vivo and in vitro biological evaluation of the anti-inflammatory and analgesic response of carnosol and carnosic acid and in silico analysis of their target interactions.” British Journal of Pharmacology. Web. July 28, 2016.
Kane, Charles W. Herbal Medicine: Trends and Traditions. New York, NY: Lincoln Town Press, 2009. Print.
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S Akhondzadeh, M Noroozian, M Mohammadi, S Ohadinia, A H Jamshidi, M Khani. “Salvia officinalis extract in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease: a double blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial.” J Clin Pharm Ther. February 2003;28(1):539.
S Bommer, P Klein, A Suter. “First time proof of sage's tolerability and efficacy in menopausal women with hot flushes.” Adv Ther. June 2011;28(6):490500. Epub May 16, 2011.
United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). November 28, 2015, Web. June 26, 2016.
V De Leo, D Lanzetta, R Cazzavacca, G Morgante. “Treatment of neurovegetative menopausal symptoms with a phytotherapeutic agent.” Minerva Ginecol. May 1998;50(5):20711.
Weiguang Yi, Hazel Y Wetzstein. “Anti-tumorigenic activity of five culinary and medicinal herbs grown under greenhouse conditions and their combination effects.” J Sci Food Agric. August 15, 2011;91(10):184954. Epub March 30, 2011.
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