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Health Research

3 Health Benefits of Nettle Leaf [Infographic]

Nettle Leaf
Nettle leaf is a leafy, aromatic herb that scientists believe has numerous medicinal effects. Studies show that the herb could help relieve symptoms of joint pain and decrease blood pressure and blood sugar levels. It also shows potential for inhibiting the development of certain cancers such prostate cancer and breast cancer. In tea blends, it adds sweet and vegetal flavors.
Nettle Leaf Infographic
What is nettle leaf?
Nettle has been used worldwide for thousands of years as food, textile fiber, and medicine. Remnants of nettle fabrics have been discovered in burial shrouds from the Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). It was recommended by a number of renowned physicians and herbalists, including the ancient Greek physicians Hippocrates and Dioscorides. The ancient Egyptians also purportedly treated arthritis using a nettle infusion.
In Scandinavian mythology, nettles were sacred to the god Thor, so families threw these plants on the fire during thunderstorms to keep their homes from being destroyed by his lightning. Various Native American cultures have used an assortment of nettle preparations to treat numerous illnesses. Modern medicinal uses of nettle include diabetes, diarrhea, eczema, arthritis, allergies, and various skin conditions.
Botanical name: Urtica dioica
Other names: Common nettle, stinging nettle
Description: A perennial plant with small, white flowers and stinging hairs
Habitat: Native to Europe and Asia and now grows in most temperate regions of the world
Properties*: Anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticarcinogenic, antidepressive, antioxidant, antiviral, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic
The health benefits of nettle leaf according to research
1. Bone & Joint Health
Nettle has historically been used to treat joint pain. Modern research has found that oral use of nettle leaf extract might improve symptoms of pain in patients with osteoarthritis (or “wear and tear” arthritis). Some clinicians use nettle leaf extract in combination with conventional anti-inflammatory drugs or other analgesics (pain-relieving drugs) for treatment.
According to a study published in the Journal of Rheumatology, nettle may have an effect against diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
2. Heart and Circulatory Health
Nettle leaf may support cardiovascular health by decreasing blood pressure and blood sugar levels. The plant contains antioxidants and compounds such as beta-sitosterol that help absorb fats found in the blood - this may help normalize cholesterol levels and help prevent heart disease.
3. Immunity and Overall Health
Nettle leaf has demonstrated considerable anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activity according to various clinical studies, confirming the traditional use of the herb for pain and inflammation. Nettle leaf contains a compound called quercetin which is thought to have anti-inflammatory effects.
There is interest in using nettle for cancer, particularly prostate and breast cancer. One preliminary study found evidence that it prevents or slows the development of prostate cancer cells. Results from another study conducted in 2016 suggests that nettle extracts may contain potential bioactive compounds for the treatment of breast cancer.


* These are some of the pharmacological actions that have been observed or are under study in various evidence-based research studies. Herb may have other properties not listed here.
The statements on this page are for educational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Please consult your healthcare practitioner prior to the use of any herbal products, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have allergies or medical conditions.
The information has been sourced and extracted from scientific papers, academic journals, research abstracts, and other sources. While Purify Tea makes every effort to present accurate and reliable information on this website, Purify Tea does not endorse, approve, or certify such information, nor does it guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficiency, timeliness, or correct sequencing of such information. Use of such information is voluntary, and reliance on it should only be undertaken after an independent review of its accuracy, completeness, efficiency, and timeliness. While many traditional or folkloric remedies have a long history of use, modern research has only begun to investigate and substantiate their effectiveness. Research is still ongoing in many areas therefore conclusions are subject to change.


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S Klingelhoefer, B Obertreis, S Quast, B Behnke. “Anti-rheumatic effect of IDS 23, a stinging nettle leaf extract, on in vitro expression of T helper cytokines. J Rheumatol. December 1999;26(12):251722.
Sadegh Fattahi, Ali Motevalizadeh Ardekani, Ebrahim Zabihi, Zeinab Abedian, Amrollah Mostafazadeh, Roghayeh Pourbagher, Haleh Akhavan-Niaki. “Antioxidant and apoptotic effects of an aqueous extract of Urtica dioica on the MCF7 human breast cancer cell line. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(9):531723.
“Stinging nettle.” University of Maryland Medical System. University of Maryland School of Medicine, June 7, 2014. Web. July 23, 2016.
United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). November 28, 2015, Web. June 26, 2016.
Valiollah Hajhashemi, Vahid Klooshani. “Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Urtica dioica leaf extract in animal models.” Avicenna J Phytomed. 2013;3(2):193200.
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