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Health Research

5 Health Benefits of Ginkgo Leaf [Infographic]

Ginkgo Leaf
The ginkgo tree is believed to be the oldest tree species on the planet, dating back 200-300 million years ago. Scientists believe that the herb may improve memory and cognitive processing, enhance fitness levels, reduce symptoms of anxiety, and fight against various diseases due to its antioxidant and anti-cancer properties. Ginkgo leaf adds a mildly sweet flavor in tea blends.
Ginkgo Leaf Infographic
What is ginkgo leaf?
The ginkgo tree is one of the rarest and most resilient tree species in the world. Modern tests show the tree to be highly resistant to insect damage, virus or bacterial infection, and pollution, and can live to more than a thousand years old. It was reportedly the only living specimen left standing after the atomic bomb was detonated in Hiroshima during World War II. Its medicinal use was first recorded thousands of years ago to strengthen the kidneys, improve digestion, and treat various illnesses. Ginkgo leaf is used today for a variety of conditions including dementia, memory loss, headache, mood disturbances, heart disease, and depression.
Botanical name: Ginkgo biloba
Other names: Maidenhair, bai guo
Description: A tall deciduous tree that can grow to more than 100 feet tall with green fan-shaped leaves and round fruits
Habitat: Native to China and are now grown in plantations in China, France and the US
Properties*: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticarcinogenic, antidepressive, antihypertensive, antioxidant, antiviral, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, neuroprotective
The health benefits of ginkgo leaf according to research
1. Energy & Brain Support
Ginkgo is one of the best-selling herbs in France and Germany, where it is consumed daily by many to maintain and improve cerebral circulation and memory, and to reduce the risk of strokes. According to an article in the International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology, it is one the most investigated and adopted herbal remedies for cognitive disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. Modern research has shown that ginkgo can improve memory, concentration, and speed of cognitive processing in people with dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, and may be associated with a decreased risk of overall mortality.
Research suggests that ginkgo counters Alzheimer’s disease by protecting damaged nerve cells. Results from clinical trials have shown the herb helps those suffering from the disease by improving thinking, learning, and memory function, and results in fewer feelings of depression. Early clinical studies suggest that ginkgo consumption might result in small improvements in memory and cognitive function in non-demented patients with age-related memory impairment.
In addition, preliminary evidence suggests that a combination of panax ginseng and ginkgo leaf extract could potentially improve memory in healthy people.
2. Fitness & Strength
Preliminary clinical research suggests that ginkgo extract may help to improve physical fitness levels, emotional feelings, social activities, overall health, and pain. This may be beneficial for people with fibromyalgia, a disorder characterized by musculoskeletal pain and fatigue. Meta-analysis of various studies have shown that ginkgo improves exercise performance (measured by walking distance) in those with peripheral arterial disease.
According to the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, ginkgo could potentially help enhance muscle tissue blood flow by improving microcirculation, which in turn could improve aerobic endurance.
3. Immunity and Overall Health
Ginkgo leaves contain flavonoids and other constituents that have antioxidant activity. These constituents help to fight off free radicals, which are harmful particles that build up over time and cause damage to DNA and other cells. Ginkgo has also exhibited anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects.
Preliminary research suggests that ginkgo leaf may be anticarcinogenic (anti-cancer). The herb may be useful against certain types of cancers including colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, ovarian cancer, and pancreatic cancer. There are ongoing studies to assess the plant’s effectiveness against cancer.
4. Stress & Mood Support
Clinical research shows that ginkgo may reduce symptoms of anxiety and improve quality of life measures such as activities of daily living, mood, sleep, and alertness. Researchers believe extracts from ginkgo leaves could inhibit monoamine oxidase (MAO), a process which can lead to the removal of essential neurotransmitters (norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine) from the brain. The inhibitory action observed in ginkgo leaves may explain the reported anti-stress and anti-anxiety activities of the plant.
5. Women’s Health
Ginkgo leaf may help reduce the severity of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms, according to several scientific studies. It has been found to provide relief for breast tenderness and other physical and psychological symptoms related to PMS. In a study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, ginkgo consumption resulted in improvements to the severity of PMS symptoms.
In addition, epidemiological evidence has associated the consumption of ginkgo extract with decreased risk for developing ovarian cancer.

Disclaimer

* These are some of the pharmacological actions that have been observed or are under study in various evidence-based research studies. Herb may have other properties not listed here.
The statements on this page are for educational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Please consult your healthcare practitioner prior to the use of any herbal products, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have allergies or medical conditions.
The information has been sourced and extracted from scientific papers, academic journals, research abstracts, and other sources. While Purify Tea makes every effort to present accurate and reliable information on this website, Purify Tea does not endorse, approve, or certify such information, nor does it guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficiency, timeliness, or correct sequencing of such information. Use of such information is voluntary, and reliance on it should only be undertaken after an independent review of its accuracy, completeness, efficiency, and timeliness. While many traditional or folkloric remedies have a long history of use, modern research has only begun to investigate and substantiate their effectiveness. Research is still ongoing in many areas therefore conclusions are subject to change.

Sources

Bin Ye, Margarita Aponte, Yan Dai, Lily Li, Ming-Chih D Ho, Allison Vitonis, Dale Edwards, Tai-Nang Huang, Daniel W Cramer. “Ginkgo biloba and ovarian cancer prevention: epidemiological and biological evidence.” Cancer Lett. June 18, 2007;251(1):4352. Epub December 27, 2006.
Chevallier, Andrew. Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine. New York, NY: DK Publishing, 2016. Print.
Duke J. A. Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. Natural Agricultural Library. United States Department of Agriculture. Web. June 26, 2016.
"Ginkgo biloba." University of Maryland Medical System. University of Maryland School of Medicine, June 22, 2015. Web. July 23, 2016.
Giti Ozgoli, Elham Alsadat Selselei, Faraz Mojab, Hamid Alavi Majd. “A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of Ginkgo biloba L. in treatment of premenstrual syndrome.” J Altern Complement Med. August 2009;15(8):84551.
Guoyan Yang, Yuyi Wang, Jin Sun, Kang Zhang, Jianping Liu. “Ginkgo Biloba for Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.” Curr Top Med Chem. 2016;16(5):5208.
Kane, Charles W. Herbal Medicine: Trends and Traditions. New York, NY: Lincoln Town Press, 2009. Print.
Lena M. Goh and Philip J Barlow. “Antioxidant capacity in Ginkgo biloba”. Food Research International. 2002;35(9):815–820.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Therapeutic Research Center. Web. June 22, 2016.
S. Mahadevan and Y. Park. “Multifaceted Therapeutic Benefits of Ginkgo biloba L.: Chemistry, Efficacy, Safety, and Uses”. Journal of Food Science. December 12, 2007.
Stefan Weinmann, Stephanie Roll, Christoph Schwarzbach, Christoph Vauth, Stefan N Willich. “Effects of Ginkgo biloba in dementia: systematic review and meta-analysis.” BMC Geriatr. 2010;10:14. Epub 2010 March 17.
United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). November 28, 2015, Web. June 26, 2016.
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