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Health Research

8 Health Benefits of Ginger Root [Infographic]

Ginger Root
Ginger is considered one of the world’s best and oldest medicines, with its first recorded use found in ancient Sanskrit and Chinese texts thousands of years ago. Modern science indicates that ginger reduces muscle pain, inhibits the development of certain diseases, and counters the onset of obesity. Ginger can be used for tea infusions, giving a warm, slightly lemony flavor.
What is ginger?
Ginger is an herb that was commonly utilized in Greek, Roman, Arabic and Native American traditional medicine for various ailments. Ginger was introduced to Europe in the 16th century and was so highly prized as a medicinal herb that, at the time, one pound of ginger was worth one sheep in England. Today, ginger is one of the most popular spices consumed in the world. Its therapeutic properties, ranging from alleviating digestive problems to providing pain relief, are now being substantiated through numerous scientific studies.
Botanical name: Zingiber officinale
Other names: Sheng jian, singabera
Description: A perennial flowering plant that grows to 2 feet tall with long leaves and yellow flowers
Habitat: Native to tropical Southern Asia and now grows in tropical regions
Properties*: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticarcinogenic, antihypertensive, antioxidant, antiviral, carminative, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, immunomodulatory, neuroprotective
The health benefits of ginger root according to research
1. Bone & Joint Health
Clinical research shows that ginger extracts can improve pain in some patients with arthritis, a condition involving the inflammation of one or more joints that causes pain and stiffness that can worsen with age. In one clinical trial, ginger extract appeared to help reduce pain in patients with osteoarthritis (also known as “wear and tear” arthritis) of the knee.
Some studies have compared ginger to conventional drug treatment. In one clinical trial, use of ginger extract was compared to ibuprofen, an anti-inflammatory drug, for patients with osteoarthritis. Both substances significantly reduced pain with no significant difference, suggesting similar efficacies.
2. Digestive Health
Ginger has long been used as a remedy for digestive problems such as indigestion, nausea, gas, bloating, and cramps. Modern clinical evidence suggests that consuming ginger prior to eating could help with indigestion by speeding up the absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract. The German Commission E (Germany’s equivalent to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) currently approves the internal use of ginger for impaired digestion and for soothing an upset stomach.
3. Energy & Brain Support
Extensive research over the last decade has indicated that spices such as ginger may have anti-inflammatory properties which could help prevent neurodegenerative diseases, conditions which result in degeneration of the nervous system, especially the neurons in the human brain. Examples of neurodegenerative diseases include Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and brain tumor.
4. Fitness & Strength
Some studies have found that ginger reduces muscle pain, such as pain following exercise, due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Research published in the Phytotherapy Research journal in 2015 concluded that ginger may be used to accelerate recovery of muscle strength following intense exercise, and may help ease delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).
5. Heart and Circulatory Health
Clinical research suggests that ginger may reduce insulin and blood sugar levels, and increase insulin sensitivity. These effects may have potential therapeutic value against diabetes and heart disease. Recent research published in the Nutrition journal indicated that daily ginger consumption was associated with 8% lower risk of developing high blood pressure and a 13% lower risk of coronary heart disease in adults.
6. Immunity and Overall Health
The chemical constituents of ginger have demonstrated a wide variety of beneficial properties including anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic (anti-cancer), and other pharmacological actions. Scientists at the University of Minnesota and at the University of Michigan have found evidence that these constituents potentially help delay the growth of colorectal cancer and ovarian cancer.
In an article published in the Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials, researchers reported that ginger was effective against certain bacteria, and was found to have more potential than some conventional antibiotics such as chloramphenicol, ampicillin, and tetracycline.
7. Weight Loss and Metabolism
Clinical evidence suggests that ginger may potentially support weight loss. Phytochemicals in ginger were found to counter the onset of obesity, according to various animal studies. One recent study published in The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry reported that ginger prevents obesity caused by a high-fat diet and also improves exercise endurance.
8. Women’s Health
Some clinical research studies have found that ginger may help reduce the physical, behavioral and emotional symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). One clinical study saw as many as 36% of the tested women reporting to be being pain free after taking ginger and 62% reporting some or considerable pain relief from ginger. In another study, more than 80% of the women reported an improvement in symptoms related to menstruation following the consumption of ginger.

Disclaimer

* These are some of the pharmacological actions that have been observed or are under study in various evidence-based research studies. Herb may have other properties not listed here.
The statements on this page are for educational purposes only and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Please consult your healthcare practitioner prior to the use of any herbal products, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have allergies or medical conditions.
The information has been sourced and extracted from scientific papers, academic journals, research abstracts, and other sources. While Purify Tea makes every effort to present accurate and reliable information on this website, Purify Tea does not endorse, approve, or certify such information, nor does it guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficiency, timeliness, or correct sequencing of such information. Use of such information is voluntary, and reliance on it should only be undertaken after an independent review of its accuracy, completeness, efficiency, and timeliness. While many traditional or folkloric remedies have a long history of use, modern research has only begun to investigate and substantiate their effectiveness. Research is still ongoing in many areas therefore conclusions are subject to change.

Sources

Attilio Giacosa, Davide Guido, Mario Grassi, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Ezio Bombardelli, Simone Perna, Milena A Faliva, Mariangela Rondanelli. “The Effect of Ginger (Zingiber officinalis) and Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) Extract Supplementation on Functional Dyspepsia: A Randomised, Double-Blind, and Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.” Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:915087. Epub April 14, 2015.
Chevallier, Andrew. Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine. New York, NY: DK Publishing, 2016. Print.
Farzad Shidfar, Asadollah Rajab, Tayebeh Rahideh, Nafiseh Khandouzi, Sharieh Hosseini, Shahrzad Shidfar. “The effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale) on glycemic markers in patients with type 2 diabetes.” J Complement Integr Med. February 10, 2015. Epub February 10, 2015.
“Ginger.” University of Maryland Medical System. University of Maryland School of Medicine, June 22, 2015. Web. July 23, 2016.
James W Daily, Xin Zhang, Da Sol Kim, Sunmin Park. “Efficacy of Ginger for Alleviating the Symptoms of Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials.” Pain Med. July 14, 2015. Epub July 14, 2015.
Janet L Funk, Jennifer B Frye, Janice N Oyarzo, Barbara N Timmermann. “Comparative effects of two gingerol-containing Zingiber officinale extracts on experimental rheumatoid arthritis.” J Nat Prod. February 13, 2009.
John H Beattie, Fergus Nicol, Margaret-Jane Gordon, Martin D Reid, Louise Cantlay, Graham W Horgan, In-Sook Kwun, Ji-Yun Ahn, Tae-Youl Ha. “Ginger phytochemicals mitigate the obesogenic effects of a high-fat diet in mice: a proteomic and biomarker network analysis.” Mol Nutr Food Res. September 2011;55 Suppl 2:S20313. Epub August 30, 2011.
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Khadijeh Hoseinzadeh, Farhad Daryanoosh, Parvin Javad Baghdasar, Hamid Alizadeh. “Acute effects of ginger extract on biochemical and functional symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness.” Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2015;29:261. Epub September 12, 2015.
Koichi Misawa, Kojiro Hashizume, Masaki Yamamoto, Yoshihiko Minegishi, Tadashi Hase, Akira Shimotoyodome. “Ginger extract prevents high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice via activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorδ pathway. J Nutr Biochem. May 28, 2015. Epub May 28, 2015.
Melissa D Matsumura, Gerald S Zavorsky, James M Smoliga. “The Effects of Pre-Exercise Ginger Supplementation on Muscle Damage and Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness.” Phytother Res. June 2015;29(6):88793. Epub March 18, 2015.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Therapeutic Research Center. Web. July 3, 2016.
Ramaswamy Kannappan, Subash Chandra Gupta, Ji Hye Kim, Simone Reuter, Bharat Bhushan Aggarwal. “Neuroprotection by spice-derived nutraceuticals: you are what you eat! Mol Neurobiol. October 2011;44(2):14259. Epub March 1, 2011.
Reinhard Grzanna, Lars Lindmark, Carmelita G Frondoza. “Ginger an herbal medicinal product with broad anti-inflammatory actions.” J Med Food. Summer 2005;8(2):12532.
Samira Khayat, Masoomeh Kheirkhah, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Hamed Fanaei, Amir Kasaeian, Mani Javadimehr. “Effect of treatment with ginger on the severity of premenstrual syndrome symptoms.” ISRN Obstet Gynecol. 2014;2014:792708. Epub May 4, 2014.
Sepide Mahluji, Vahide Ebrahimzade Attari, Majid Mobasseri, Laleh Payahoo, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Samad Ej Golzari. “Effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale) on plasma glucose level, HbA1c and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients.” Int J Food Sci Nutr. March 18, 2013. Epub March 18, 2013.
Zahra Naderi, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Ali Dehghan, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Hassan Fallah Huseini. “Effect of ginger powder supplementation on nitric oxide and C-reactive protein in elderly knee osteoarthritis patients: A 12-week double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.” J Tradit Complement Med. July 2016;6(3):199203. Epub January 28, 2015.
Zhang, Yifang, and Yingzhi Yao. Your Guide to Health with Foods & Herbs: Using the Wisdom of Traditional Chinese Medicine. New York, NY: Better Link, 2012. Print.
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